The Chancay civilisation (1000-1450 A.D.)
It flourished in the valleys north of Lima. The archaeological material comes from the many cemeteries, including two-coloured ceramics with brown-black decorations on a creamy white background.
The most characteristic form is that of china, large ovoid-shaped jars with a wide neck, representing a human head with elongated eyes. Also frequent are the so-called cuchimilcos, clay votive figurines, usually female, with their short arms raised, their eyes elongated by a black line, and wearing square hats. The art of Chancay owes its fame mainly to its fabrics, the most elaborate and refined of pre-Columbian Peru, alongside those of the older Paracas civilisation.